Osteoporosis affects roughly 40 million Americans either because they have been diagnosed with the
condition or they are at risk for developing the condition.
Osteoporosis means “porous bone”. Osteoporosis is a serious condition in which the bones
have decreased in density, causing them to become weak and fragile. The disease is the
result of lower than average amounts of phosphate and calcium in the bones, which causes
them to become porous and brittle. Osteoporotic
bones break much more easily than healthy bones.
Our bodies are constantly absorbing and rebuilding
bone. This is normal and necessary, but if the body
absorbs bone more quickly than it rebuilds it, we will
develop osteoporosis. Bones that most commonly
break are the bones in the spine, wrist and hip.
At Spine Nevada we offer comprehensive
care, including a review of medical history and evaluation of laboratory
tests. We will discuss conservative
and preventive measures, nutrition & lifestyle
modifications, and medication treatments
if necessary, to improve or maintain
At SpineNevada, we work with you
through exercise, physical therapy,
nutrition and medications to treat and reverse
osteoporosis. We will also develop
a customized plan for you to prevent and
treat osteoporotic fractures.
• The majority of people shouldn’t worry about developing osteoporosis
• The condition only affects white older women
• If you fall and break a bone, osteoporosis shouldn’t be a concern
• You’ll know you are developing osteoporosis because you’ll feel it in your bones
A bone density test (DEXA Scan) measures the mineral content of bone, and is used along
with a risk assessment to diagnose osteoporosis. Fragility fractures, such as a broken hip
from a ground level fall, also determine osteoporosis. Loss of height due to a compression
fracture in the spine is another indication of osteoporosis. GOOD NEWS: Proper nutrition,
weight bearing exercises and specific medications can all help the body rebuild bone.
There are both controllable and uncontrollable
risk factors that increase or decrease odds of
developing the disease. For instance, people
of all ages, races and genders get osteoporosis,
but it is a condition most commonly found in
Caucasian and Asian females over the age of
60. Other uncontrollable risk factors include:
family history, certain diseases and hormone
Controllable factors encompass those things
that an individual can do during their lifetimes
to lower their risk for developing osteoporosis.
For instance, smoking, excessive drinking
(more than 7 ounces of alcohol per week),
poor nutrition with low calcium intake and
lack of exercise can all contribute to the
development of the disease. The far right
column provides educational information on
The best treatment for the disease is prevention
by consuming the recommended amounts of
calcium and phosphate throughout a lifetime.
Essential vitamins and minerals for bone
health are calcium, magnesium, and vitamin
D. Hormone treatments may help and an
exercise regimen is recommended to abate
further deterioration of the bone. To find out
if you have osteoporosis, an energy X-ray
absorptiometer (DEXA) scanning can analyze
Medications for osteoporosis include oral
medications such as alendronate and Boniva,
an annual infusion (IV Reclast), a twice yearly
subcutaneous injection (Prolia) or a once daily
injection (Forteo). These medications help the
body rebuild bone, and are highly effective in
decreasing osteoporotic fractures.
Osteoporosis causes over 750,000 Vertebral
Compression Fractures each year in the US.
Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive spine
procedure that offers patients with back
pain almost immediate relief from painful
vertebral compression fractures (VCF) caused
by osteoporosis or cancer.
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